This has suddenly become a very public debate since California’s Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger  voiced his opinion in a press conference stating that replacing people with machines would save California over $2 billion dollars annually.  And, yes, he included the removal of stenographic court reporters in this list of “savings.” You may have already seen the video response made by Lisa Michaels, president of the Deposition Reporters Association of California.  If you haven’t, do scroll down and watch the video!

We have all become happily dependent on our individual machines;  i.e. our computers, HD TV, TiVo, iPods, Smart Phones and the latest, the iPad.  But, we would all be hard pressed to admit that we don’t get incredibly perturbed (to put it lightly) when they don’t work.  And there you have it.  A person using a machine has double the chance of “getting it right.”  Either one alone is less effective.

I rest my case!

Please read the following press release from The National Court Reporters Association (NCRA).

Vienna, Virginia, September 2, 2010. In a press conference yesterday, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger pointed to a number of missed opportunities that could have saved the troubled state $2.8 billion annually. Included in this list was the wholesale removal of stenographic court reporters from the state’s courts in favor of electronic recording, which he suggested would result in $100 million of annual savings. As is so often the case when states begin searching arbitrarily for areas to cut the budget, Gov. Schwarzenegger is short on the facts when it comes to the cost savings of replacing stenographic court reporters. More important than even its budget, California hardly can afford – as no state can – to begin taking action that could compromise the integrity of its judicial process and, ultimately, the state’s criminal justice system.

While court reporters do not in any way concede that electronic recording would result in costs savings for California or any state, utterly absurd is the governor’s implication that it presents a viable technological alternative to stenographic court reporters. “Court reporters recognize and acknowledge that using the latest technology for capturing the court record is critical, and that’s why we’ve been the leaders in that regard for decades,” said NCRA President Melanie Humphrey-Sonntag, a court reporter and firm owner from Chicago. “That is why we bring 21st-Century technology into the courtroom and depositions that can and does create realtime feeds of legal proceedings, which—among other things—makes these proceedings accessible to those who are deaf or who are hard of hearing.”

What happens when states begin looking for places to cut budgets, according to Sonntag, is that they love to look for places where technology can replace perceived antiquated processes and bring windfall-type savings. While it’s a nice 10-second sound bite for a governor, it doesn’t, in this case, square with reality. The truth is that if courts are looking for the most advanced technology for capturing the court record, they must look to stenographic court reporters. If courts are looking to lower their costs, the truth is they need to look to the court reporters as a resource, who generally pay for their own equipment and continuing education, and who, as experts on making the court record, themselves can point to efficiencies the courts might consider to reduce costs.

What states don’t consider is that there is a substantial cost to installing digital audio equipment. What states don’t consider is that you need technical expertise within the court system that does not now exist to service the digital audio recording systems and maintain them. What states don’t consider is that they need to pay people to turn the audio system on and off. Most importantly, what states don’t consider is that, at some point, people are going to want transcripts of the court proceedings, which is another hidden cost that states often don’t think about. That’s where digital audio can fail miserably and a court reporter will protect the integrity of the court record every time.

“What a court reporter can do that a digital audio system can’t is halt the proceedings when two people are talking at the same time,” said Sonntag. “When two voices are indistinguishable – and that happens a lot – a stenographic court reporter won’t miss a beat, but someone transcribing digital audio will be totally lost. When papers are shuffled near a microphone or a microphone malfunctions – and how many times have you seen THAT happen yourself – that is a total disaster for digital audio. For stenographic court reporters, that’s never an issue…NEVER.”

Said Gov. Schwarzenegger: “We have electronic court reporting, 100 million dollars. We do not need any people there. We have the technology now to do the reporting and the recording.” No, California will NOT save 100 million dollars by replacing court reporters. Yes, you DO need people there, and not just any people, but stenographic court reporters. No, you don’t have the technology to do the reporting and the recording that would provide the level of integrity to the court system that the citizens of California and its entire judicial system deserve.

“I can appreciate Governor Schwarzenegger’s plight,” said Sonntag, “he’s got to find ways to cut the state’s deficit. But the cost savings of using digital audio are inflated. They’re not considering all the costs of digital audio. In fact, there’s no proof that digital audio saves ANY money at all. In the meantime, California would be chasing phantom savings and, in the process, severely compromise the integrity of its judicial system and access to the system by its citizens. In his own words, Gov. Schwarzenegger wants to ‘usher in a golden new era of prosperity in California.’ That’s what court reporters want as well. I hope he gives the state’s court reporters a role in the process—an opportunity to work on that with the courts and legislators together.”

Sonntag also directs media to a YouTube video of court reporter Lisa Michaels, president of the Deposition Reporters Association of California (DRA), that is directed to Gov. Schwarzenegger and presents additional facts about stenographic reporters.

Other resources for information on this topic and others related to court reporters in California:

* California Court Reporters Association (CCRA)

* California Official Court Reporters Association (COCRA)

About NCRA

The National Court Reporters Association (NCRA) is a 21,000-member professional association that promotes excellence among those who capture and convert the spoken word to text and is committed to supporting every member in achieving the highest level of professional expertise. NCRA is internationally recognized as being the premier educational and informational resource for its members and the public. NCRA members, who include official and freelance court reporters, broadcast captioners, CART (Communication Access Realtime Translation) providers, and Webcasters, are recognized by both the public and private sectors as ethical, well-educated, highly respected, and technologically advanced professionals. For more information, visit

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